1592 – First sighting
1769 – Emperor
Napoleon Bonaparte is born in Ajaccio on the island of Corsica. The French statesman was crowned emperor in 1804 in a controversial ceremony at Notre Dame.
1896 – Gold rush
Gold first discovered in Klondike, found at Bonanza Creek, Alaska by George Carmack.
1903 – Top prize
Joe Pulitzer donates $1 million to Columbia University and begins the Pulitzer Prizes in America.
1926 – Fidel Castro
The former President of Cuba, Fidel Castro Ruz was born in the small town of Birán, in the province of Holguín (Cuba).
1945 – V-J Day
Japan surrenders unconditionally to end WW II (also August 15 depending on time zone).
1947 – Independent
Pakistan gains independence from Great Britain.
1961 – The people of Berlin woke up to find that overnight, the GDR military forces had erected a 1.8 m barbed wire barrier along the entire border of the communist sector of the city.
1969 – Operation Banner
British Army deploys on the streets of Northern Ireland, marking the beginning of Operation Banner.
1977 – The ‘King’ Dies
Elvis Presley died of a heart attack aged just 42 at Graceland, his Memphis Tennessee residence.
1995 – Battle of Brit Pop
Rival bands Oasis (Roll with It) and Blur (Country House) release singles on the same day.
1998 – Omagh Bombing
The worst terrorist incident of the troubles in Northern Ireland, kills 29 people and injures about 220.