NASA has confirmed that, since men began compiling temperature trends in 1880, July was the hottest month on record, as climate scientists predict 2016 to be the hottest year since at least the Victorian era.
July’s results, showing it to be 0.84C hotter than the 1951 to 1980 average for July, and 0.11C hotter than the previous record set in July 2015, come in a year that has consistently broken records.
June was the 14th consecutive month seeing record breaking land and ocean temperatures, while now the past ten months have set temperature records for their respective month.
El Nino, a weather phenomenon that spreads warm water across the Pacific, and global warming are thought to be behind 2016’s irregular heat.
Scientists now estimate July’s temperature to be roughly 1.3C warmer than the pre-industrial period, with 1.1C accounted for by man-induced climate change.
Last year’s heavily hyped Paris climate accord saw roughly 200 countries agree that a limit of 1.5C above pre-industrial temperatures should be strictly enforced.
One and half degrees may not seem much but global warming has thus far severely affected the Arctic, with ice melting at rapid rates causing rising sea levels, and long dormant bacteria being released by the thaw.
Earlier this summer the World Meteorological Organisation director David Carlson said: “What we’ve seen for the first six months of 2016 is really quite alarming. We would have thought it would take several years to warm up like this. We don’t have as much time as we thought.”