Paradises and landscapes: from Brueghel to Gauguin

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THERE is a treat in store for art lovers in the Axarquia.

A new collection will be exhibited just a short drive away at the Carmen Thyssen- Bornemisza Museum in Malaga City.

Paradises and Landscapes in the Carmen Thyssen Collection. From Brueghel to Gauguin will be inaugurated on March 31 and continue until October 7.

The collection of 43 painting aims to present the evolution of landscape painting from the 17th century to the mid-20th century through works by great masters of western painting.

The exhibition starts in the 17th century with artists of the stature of Jan Brueghel the Elder, representing the religious tradition, Tobias Verhaecht, who focused on mythological scenes, and the Dutch painter Jan Josephsz van Goyen.

The first, Brueghel, is the inspiration for part of the title and for the argument of the exhibition given that his painting offers a vision of Eden, that paradise lost after the Fall of Man through the Original Sin as recounted in the Bible.

Jan van Goyen was a Dutch artist and it was in the Netherlands that landscape evolved into an independent genre and ceased to be subordinate to narrative depiction.

By the 18th century, and making using of a delicate aesthetic allied to the Rococo, the French painter François Boucher reveals an image of landscape based on reality but subsequently idealised in which architecture evokes emotions and a sense of nostalgia.

A section that includes works by 19thcentury painters associated with Romanticism include Albert Bierstadt, Martin Johnson Heade and Frederick Edwin Church.

Alongside such works are examples of the vision of landscape offered by the Spanish Romantic painters, many of them influenced by the idea of Spain formulated by foreign artists.

Some of these paintings convey the grandeur of the Spanish landscape in which the individual is an insignificant actor, as in the works of Genaro Pérez Villaamil or the German painter Fritz Bamberger.

Realism stripped landscape painting any Romantic element and in Spain Carlos de Haes was a key figure in this change of aesthetic.

Others present in this collection include celebrated names such as Pissarro, Renoir and Gauguin.

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