Spanish bid to unravel Teotihuacan City of Gods mystery

0


A MAJOR exhibition into the Teotihuacan civilisation is being held in Spain.

The  exhibition which runs until  November 13 provides a unique insight into the culture, ideology, traditions and social and economic organisation of this remarkable yet relatively little known City of the Gods civilization which has intrigued international scholars for centuries.

-- Advertisement --

Now further focus has been turned onto the subject in a major exhibition displaying 400 objects recovered during a century of excavations in and around the site and on loan from Mexican museums at the Caixa Forum Cultural Centre in Madrid.

Teotihuacan means  ‘City of the Gods’ and  this is the name that the CaixaForum  has given to this exhibition.

zoo-y-teotihuacan-061_webThe objects on display range from every day household items to smooth stone masks and exquisite jewellery and sculptures; none more so than the Mask of Malinaltepec dating from 700AD with its encrusted,  mosaic stones and beaded necklace.

Many of the sculptures depict religious and military symbols. The stone sculpture known as the Disk of Death is believed to have marked the beginning of the decline of the civilization. 

Teotihuacan

Mention ancient civilisations of Mexico and the 15th century Aztec culture springs to mind. Yet over 1000 years earlier at the beginning of our era, an equally important civilisation existed in central Mexico.

The Teotihuacan civilisation spanned eight hundred years from about 100BC until it collapsed around 800AD.

At the height of its power around 450AD Teotihuacan was the most powerful cultural, political and religious centre of the pre-Hispanic era.

The site of the city of Teotihuacan, which lies forty five kilometres north of Mexico City is one of the archaeological wonders of the world that became a world heritage site in 1987.

Built between 150 and 250 AD, the city was the largest built in the Americas extending to over 22 square kilometres with a population estimated at about 200,000. It was a well planned and designed complex divided into four separate areas; political, economic, cultural and residential. Each sector comprised massive stone built monuments separated by vast open central squares.

The main avenue, built on a north south axis, known as the avenue of the dead links the northern Pyramid of the Moon and Pyramid of the Sun with the southern Citadel, which included the most important building in the city known as the Temple of the Feathered Serpent.

zoo-y-teotihuacan-060_webThis temple testifies to the importance of religion in the Teotihuacan society where two main beliefs cohabitated;  the Quetzalcoatl with the Feathered Serpent and Tlaloc God of rain and fertility.

Teotihuacan society was based on a pyramid hierarchy with political leaders, priests, ambassadors, traders, soldiers and workers. However, although playing leading roles, religious leaders are not believed to have been rulers. Teotihuacan’s influence extended to the north of Mexico and south to Guatemala with an integrated political and economic structure enabling it to establish diplomatic and trade links with other regions in Mesoamerica often at a considerable distance.

The area was a source of mineral wealth with jade, mica, marble serpentine and travertine stone, used by craftsmen who become specialists in the production of murals, ceramics pottery, stone carvings, masks, bone shells, sculptures and jewellery often used to trade and negotiate strategic alliances. The feathers of the sacred bird, the Quetzal, are depicted in many objects and murals.

Why the Teotihuacan civilisation collapsed remains a mystery.

Although there is some evidence that some of the residential and ceremonial sectors of the city were destroyed by fire, perhaps an earthquake, there are conflicting explanations over its demise.

Like many ancient civilisations there was a strong belief in fatalism. It was said that if the universe was created by Gods then Gods could determine the end of their creation.

However there are several opinions that link the cause of its disappearance to internal revolt against the established ruling power, social difficulties caused by the excessive growth in population and the consequent ignoring of the plight of the people by the elite. Interestingly these reasons could well apply to our own democracies today. We should take note of what history teaches us.

Caixa Forum Social and Cultural centre
Paseo del Prado 36 Madrid
Daily 10am to 8pm until November 13. Free admission

 

CAPTIONS:

1: Malinaltepec Mask700 AD

3: Mural depicting flowers stucco and pigments 600-700AD

4: Disc of death: stone around 600AD


Hospital kitchens’ Michelin makeover 

HOSPITAL food doesn’t always get the best reports.  But patients at the Hospital Universitario Los Arcos del Mar Menor would have had nothing to complain about when they had food...

” Boris Is Behaving Like A Spoilt Brat” Say’s Labour Whilst...

The Government's Operation Yellowhammer contingency plan to handle a no-deal Brexit is being "triggered", Michael Gove has said. Gove who is in charge of preparations...

One In Six Elderly In Spain Face Poverty Risk

ONE in six of the elderly in Spain are at risk of poverty, according to a new report.  The AIS Group consultancy’s Habits Big Data analysis,...

Andy Murray Breaks Down In Victorious Tears

The former world number one Andy Murray has had an injury-ravaged few years and had not tasted much success on tour since 2017. Andy Murray...

Death Fall For British Exchange Student In Cordoba

An exchange student only 15 years old flew down 7 floors before smashing his head into the concrete killing him instantly. The accident happened in Cordoba, where the exchange student is on studies at the...

Tourist Interest Growing In Adria

TOURIST interest in Adra is growing, if the number of visits to the municipal tourist office this summer are anything to go by.  The council said nearly 1,000...

US Academics To Join Archaeological Team At Cerro de Villar Phoenician City

They dig it  PROFFESORS from Ohio and Chicago Universities are interested in joining an archaeological team to excavate the Cerro de Villar Phoenician city in the Guadalhorce...

Spaniard arrested in Marbella on 10 counts of opportunistic theft

WORRIED by a spate of thefts from hotels, pharmacies and shops in Marbella, officers from the National Police acted to identify the culprit. It seemed...

Brave Lisa Burgess Sets Off In What She Believes Is Right

Whilst the Politicians waffle on in the House Of Parliament before any voting today, thousands and thousands are marching through London demonstrating for a...

Eye Witness Report From Current Manilva Blazing Fire

An eyewitness has just sent these images through, with the following comments. " Have just driven through this- both sides of the AP7 between Manilva...

BREAKING: A Fire Has Been Declared In Manilva, Malaga

Plan INFOCA have confirmed the outbreak of a fire in Manilva. Two environmental agents have been deployed to the area as well as 30...

Helping Others At La Sala Puerto Banus

LIVE Lounge in La Sala Puerto Banus regularly holds charity evenings and on November 1, it’s the turn of Collective Calling which works for children...

Child-friendly Cities Are The Future

Towns with a special status  TEULADA-MORAIRA’S Youth and Childhood councillor Aitor Llobell recently attended the Child-friendly Cities’ symposium held in Alcoy.  Child-friendly Cities is an international UNICEF initiative that promotes the rights of...

Marching Against Cancer In Calpe

CALPE holds a Marcha Rosa commemorating World Breast Cancer Day next Sunday, October 27.  Organised by the Calpe branch of AECC, Spain’s national cancer association and the town hall, the day begins in Plaza...

Javea On The Right Path

JAVEA town hall is restoring the network of paths that give access to the Portitxol, Barraca and Sardinera coves.  Above all, the Services department has made the footpaths more secure, paying particular attention to...

International Day Against Breast Cancer In Altea

Painting the town pink  ALTEA is commemorating International Day against Breast Cancer on October 19 with weeklong events.  The World Health Organisation has chosen this day to raise awareness of...

Gym Club Triumphs Again 

THE l’Alfas del Pi Primavera Rythmic Gymnastics Club has triumphed again.  The club members scooped a whole batch of medals at the recent Club ECA-organised Tower of Babel’ tournament.  Elena Nikolova won another gold in the junior...

Marina Baja’s Heritage An Asset To Teachers

ALFAZ is taking part in a course organised by the Generalitat’s Education, Investigation, Culture and Sport (CEFIRE) department.   Several municipalities are collaborating with CEFIRE course, which is...

Hospital kitchens’ Michelin makeover 

HOSPITAL food doesn’t always get the best reports.  But patients at the Hospital Universitario Los Arcos del Mar Menor would have had nothing to complain about when they had food...

Drugs Haul In Murcia 

TWO men, aged 22 and 32, were arrested when Guardia Civil found 505 marihuana seedlings in the boot of their car.  Police suspicions were raised...

Albanian Arrested for 84 Costa Blanca Burglaries

AN ILLEGAL immigrant due for deportation has been arrested accused of 84 burglaries.  The Albanian citizen was being held at an internment centre in Valencia when police...

Turtle Released In Murcia

A LOGGERHEAD turtle that was rescued when it was found floating listlessly entangled in the remains of a raffia bag has been released into...

Costa Blanca Sportswear Company Reducing Plastics Use 

AN Elche sportswear company is taking steps to eliminate all single-use plastics from its line.  J'hayber has launched a campaign with the slogan 'J'hayber es azul, por el cuidado de nuestros océanos',...

Where Vultures Land

WORKERS refurbishing Cieza’s municipal fish market had a surprise when a disorientated vulture dropped in.  The griffon vulture landed in the middle of the facilities and then...

Frigiliana on its way to becoming an official tourist municipality

FRIGILIANA has passed its final administrative procedure for its application to become an official tourist municipality. The Axarquian town, along with six others, will be...

Colmenar school win gender equality award for short film

THE Diputación de Málaga has awarded the IES Los Montes de Colmenar for their short film in favour of gender equality. The competition, promoted by...

Provincial council urges scrapping of the AP7 toll road

A PLENARY session of the Provincial Council of Malaga has approved procedures to scrap the tolls that line the AP7. The PP and Citizens both...

Velez Malaga begins distribution of treasury loan

THE Economic Area of the City of Velez Malaga has started to distribute the €4 million loan given to the region. The loan has been...

Municipal tender released for Rincon’s green areas

RINCON de la Victoria has begun the tender process to maintain the upkeep of the towns green municipal areas. A meeting was held by the...

Axarquia Commonwealth visits Jaen tourist fair

THE Mancomunidad de Municipios de la Costa del Sol Axarquía, APTA and CEDER will travel to Jaen for the Tourism Fair 'Tierra Adentro' this...

Tourist Interest Growing In Adria

TOURIST interest in Adra is growing, if the number of visits to the municipal tourist office this summer are anything to go by.  The council said nearly 1,000...

Talking Through Solutions In Almeria

THE provincial government and Chirivel council have been talking through possible solutions for updating the municipality’s water and sewage systems.  The Diputacion de Almeria Vice-president Oscar Liria and Chirivel Mayor Jose Torregrosa met recently with...

New Hash Busts In Almeria

FOUR people are under arrest in the latest busts in the province for illegally growing marijuana.  Police detained a 48-year old man and his son-in-law after finding 124 marijuana...

Morecambe to Mojacar cycle challenge raises £7,000 for Cancer Research UK

A MARATHON Morecambe to Mojacar bike ride has raised just over £7,000 for Cancer Research UK. Lancastrian Ian Hunter succeeded in the challenge he set...

Woman and pet pulled from burning house in Albanchez, Almeria

GUARDIA Civil officers rescued a woman and her dog from a burning house in Albanchez. A call to the Albox station from the woman’s mother...

Divers fishing illegally in Cabo de Gata caught out

A GUARDIA Civil patrol caught out four divers fishing illegally in the Cabo de Gata Natural Park. Officers observed the four free diving and using...

Post office hack in Mallorca

Post office hack  THE Twitter account of the Correos (Post Office) in Mallorca was hacked earlier this week  for a short time.  At around 9 am the profile...

Have you seen Maria? 

Have you seen Maria?  THE Guardia Civil has put out an appeal to find a 14-year-old girl who has been missing for a month in...

Flights Cancelled Due To Protests

Protests stop protests  A TOTAL of four flights were cancelled between the Balearic Islands and Barcelona on Tuesday due to the pro-independence protests in Barcelona.  As reported by AENA to...

Recycling For Research In Palma

TEN pink containers for recycling glass have been distributed in five places around the city of Palma for cancer research.  The containers have been installed in...

Mallorca – Next Edition of Euro Weekly News Out This Thursday!

The next edition of the Euro Weekly News will be out this Thursday, in print or online, don't miss out! See more Mallorca News

Rats cause IT chaos in Mallorca

Rats cause IT chaos in Mallorca THE Andratx Local Police is offline. For a week now, officers have had to carry out all the formalities...

Brother and sister found dead at home in Tenerife

A MAN and a woman have been found dead at a house in Tegueste in Tenerife. Both in their sixties, the pair are reported to...

Series of earth tremors hit Canary Island of El Hierro

THE Canary Island of El Hierro was shaken by an earth tremor that reached a magnitude of 5.7 on the Richter scale.  The quake was...

Arrested for 2009 murder in Tenerife

A MAN, aged 44, has been arrested for an alleged murder of a woman who disappeared in 2009.  The arrested man is at present serving...

Gran Canaria Fireman suspended for speaking to press

THE President of a firefighters’ union has been suspended without pay for two days for talking to the press.  Pablo Gonzalez is a working fireman...

Photographer tricked children into porn images in Spain

A PROFESSIONAL photographer has been arrested for allegedly tricking 43 children into creating pornographic material.  He offered on the Internet an "artistic collaboration" consisting of...

Cricket Hero Ben Stokes Smashes The Sun For Six

Caption.Credit Flickr   Ben Stokes one of England's  greatest all round cricketers of all time has gone to twitter to slam articles written about his family...

NO real change as ruling coalition is re-elected in Gibraltar

THE GSLP/Liberal coalition was elected for the third term running in yesterday’s General Election in Gibraltar with Chief Minister Fabian Picardo receiving the most...

Young Gibraltarian dives in to the sea to help save one...

WHEN officers from the Gibraltar Environmental Protection and Research Unit (EPRU) were alerted to news that a large fish was in distress off the...

Gibraltar Airport forced to close and flights cancelled or diverted

FOR the third time in less than a month the airfield in Gibraltar has been closed and flights disrupted or cancelled. There is a dispute...

Is Gibraltar a Colony and should sovereignty be handed over to...

IN the eyes of both Britain and Gibraltar its status is quite clear and it is defined as an Overseas Territory which has direct...

Brand new Brexit Office opens in Gibraltar

IN order to show that despite the fact the Rock as a whole is against Brexit, the Government of Gibraltar has today (October 1)...

Boris Johnson says “Gib Support Is Rock Like”

Albert Isola, Minister for Finance for Gibraltar has attended the Conservative party conference as Fabian Picardo Gibraltar PM couldn't attend as tonight he appears on TV programme question...

LEAVE A COMMENT

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here